Just adding 4 paragraphs to essay on the women hanging from the 13th floor by Joy HarjoDirectionsAdd three NEW body paragraphs to essay #3, and resubmit as one essay (total 9 paragraphs).Your job in these three new paragraphs is to find a new article on the text you studied in Essay #3. This new article must use a different type of literary theory than the one you explored in Essay #3. Use these 3 body paragraphs to prove this article is using the WRONG APPROACH.Remember that in essay #2 you examined a short story, novella, or novel. Then you choose one type of critical theory from the list on page 2 and applied it to several different parts of the literary work. You consulted several academic essays from the Pierce College Library Databases.Essay #4 combines that work with a refutation that proves someone else wrong.Be sure to re-alphabetize the works you cited on the Works Cited page.
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Tyus Brown
Prof. Kraemer
English 102
The Woman Hanging from the 13th-Floor Window
Life comes along with multiple downfalls spiced up with joyous moments. It is
interesting to know that life does not come with a manual, which makes the journey of living a
humbling and adventurous experience. The decisions that one makes concerning his/her life play
an essential role in shaping their lives. Peace of mind should be established in one’s life to foster
confidence and self-esteem in one’s life. Besides, one should appreciate the responsibilities that
have been accorded to him/her because they have an impact in their respective lifes. The woman
hanging from the 13th-floor window attempts to describe the challenges that individuals face in
their daily lives and how they can overcome the obstacles for them to move on with their lives
truly. However, through the lens of the reader-response theory, we can see that the author is
thriving at her work because her message resonates with any typical individual without further
The woman hanging from the 13th-floor window by Joy Harjo is a poem about a woman
who feels that she has lost focus in this world that all creatures live in, and she is trying to find
herself while hanging at a thirteen-floor window. During the instance, the woman is hanging on
the window, flashbacks of her childhood and current life occurs in her mind. Harjo consents the
fact that the main reason this woman is trying to commit suicide is because of the pressures that
have built up in her life as a result of trying to become someone that she does not match up with.
She describes herself as, “the lost beauty of her own life” (Harjo 311). The woman who is
hanging on the 13th-floor window is living in Chicago but lives in an Indian part of the city.
“She sees Lake Michigan lapping at the shores of herself. It is a dizzy hole of water, and the rich
live in tall grass houses at the edge of it” (Harjo 311).
The highlighted quote explains how this woman is frustrated by herself as a whole to the
extent of turning a beautiful thing like Lake Michigan to something she hates. The fact that the
woman is hanging from a thread shows that she is a woman of numerous responsibilities. That is,
she is a mother to three children, a daughter to her parents, and was a wife to the husbands she
has ever had. The author of the poem denotes that, “She thinks she will be set free” (Harjo 311).
The woman is stuck between two different people; one is the woman who has to cater to the
needs of her family while the other is the woman who desires to live her life just the way she
wants to (Carnes 36). The author states, “She thinks of Carlos, of Margaret, of Jimmy. She thinks
of her father and her mother. She thinks of all the women she has been, of all the men” (Harjo
The author is successful at her work as she uses ethos, logos, and pathos to evoke a
feeling of hopelessness to grab the attention of the reader into thinking about his/her life
experiences. By using emotionally based appeals, Harjo enables the readers to be empathetic
towards the woman through resonating with their experiences of superstations or being stressed
first, ““storm of glass waiting to crush her” (Harjo 311). It is a good thing that the woman is
hanging on the thirteenth floor as Chicago people do not designate buildings up to number
thirteen, as it is believed to be a stroke of bad luck. Just like the woman, the reader is left in a
dangling state because the poem describes a thirteen floor building as a kind of “non-existence”
(Harjo 311). Most of the buildings in Chicago typically go from 12th to 14th floor and most of
them have elevators and apartment numbers. It signifies that the woman’s life have been faced
by bad luck.
It is fascinating how the author ends the poem with a paradox that leaves the reader with
a personal conclusion of how others perceive you. It signifies that the readers can remake their
lives for better and survive even in adverse situations. This implies that there will always be
stressors in life, and they should not weigh one down at any given time (Baqutayan 479). The
poem shows that in this life, there will always be something /someone to live for, and life does
not follow a given ending but rather how one chooses to end it. “She thinks of all the women she
has been, of all/ the men. She thinks of the color of her skin, and/ or Chicago streets, and of
waterfalls and pines” (Harjo 312) The author creates a better presentation of how an individual’s
social duties restrict one from becoming the person one desires to be. The author states, “She
thinks she remembers listening to her own life break loose” to demonstrate the misery that comes
along with one’s responsibilities (Harjo, 312).
In overall, I have come into the realization that my actions have severe effects on both the
world and me as an individual. The idea of life is shaped by the decisions we make, and thus one
should make wise choices. Given that life ideas are first furnished in mind, one should always try
to secure their peace of mind and learn how to deal with the daily stresses/pressures that one
encounters. The author leaves the audiences with a lot of curiosity as the poem ends before the
woman makes a firm decision whether she will fall to death or she will climb back to reclaim her
life. Through using a continuous present tense, the poem employs an impressive approach which
still shows that there is hope for the woman hanging on the thirteenth floor window. Given that
the woman’s suicidal thoughts are brought up by a state of unhappiness, individuals should seek
a stabilized and happy life.
Works Cited
Baqutayan, Shadiya Mohamed Saleh. “Stress and coping mechanisms: A historical
overview.” Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 6.2 S1 (2015): 479.
Carnes, Jeremy M. “Reinventing the Enemy’s Intentions: Native Identity and the City in the
Poetry of Joy Harjo.” Studies in the Humanities 42.1/2 (2015): 36. Retrieved from:
Harjo, Joy. “The woman hanging from the thirteenth floor window.” Revue française d’études
américaines 38.1 (1988): 397-397. Retrieved from: https://www.persee.fr/doc/rfea_03977870_1988_num_38_1_1346

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