One of the major drivers in recent health care reform legislation is the AmericanReinvestment and Recovery Act’s (ARRA) HiTech Incentive. This act, passed in 2009,earmarked $22 billion for the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs), with a goalof 100% adoption in all practice settings by the year 2014. The HiTech Act provides anexample of the pivotal role that health information technology plays in the delivery ofquality health care services. Yet, health information technology is a relatively new field.This Application Assignment provides an opportunity for you to examine thecontributions of pioneers in this arena and consider how their contributions haveinfluenced health informatics and nursing practice today.To prepare: Visit the AMIA Video Library 1: Nursing Informatics Pioneers webpage listed in theLearning Resources. Review the biographies and video presentations of pioneers who are of interest to you,or may hold a position that you aspire to achieve. Select two nursing informatics pioneers and conduct further research on theircontributions. Consider how their contributions have influenced health information technology andnursing practice today.By Day 7 of Week 2Write a scholarly 3- to 4-page paper comparing two nursing informatics pioneers.Synthesize your thoughts using the bullets below as a guide: What are the professional accomplishments of each individual? How have their contributions influenced nursing practice? How have their contributions shaped the field of nursing informatics? What lessons can you take away from their experiences? What skills or ideas demonstrated by these leaders might you apply to your professionalpractice?
wk2_assignmen.doc
resource_article1_wk2_assignment.pdf
resource_article3_wk2_assignment.pdf
resource_article2_wk2_assignment.pdf
wk2_assignmen___copy.doc
Unformatted Attachment Preview









One of the major drivers in recent health care reform legislation is the American Reinvestment
and Recovery Act’s (ARRA) HiTech Incentive. This act, passed in 2009, earmarked $22 billion
for the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs), with a goal of 100% adoption in all practice
settings by the year 2014. The HiTech Act provides an example of the pivotal role that health
information technology plays in the delivery of quality health care services. Yet, health
information technology is a relatively new field. This Application Assignment provides an
opportunity for you to examine the contributions of pioneers in this arena and consider how their
contributions have influenced health informatics and nursing practice today.
To prepare:
Visit the AMIA Video Library 1: Nursing Informatics Pioneers webpage listed in the
Learning Resources.
Review the biographies and video presentations of pioneers who are of interest to you, or
may hold a position that you aspire to achieve.
Select two nursing informatics pioneers and conduct further research on their
contributions.
Consider how their contributions have influenced health information technology and
nursing practice today.
By Day 7 of Week 2
Write a scholarly 3- to 4-page paper comparing two nursing informatics pioneers. Synthesize
your thoughts using the bullets below as a guide:
What are the professional accomplishments of each individual?
How have their contributions influenced nursing practice?
How have their contributions shaped the field of nursing informatics?
What lessons can you take away from their experiences?
What skills or ideas demonstrated by these leaders might you apply to your professional
practice?
Grading Criteria
Document: Week 2 Application 1 Rubric (Word document)
Video Library 1: Nursing Informatics Pioneers
Patricia Abbott PhD, RN, FAAN, FACMI
Dr. Abbott is best known for her early work in helping
to establish the Nursing Informatics Specialty. She
was a member of the Author team for the original
Scope and Standards of NI Practice with the ANA,
and then her work.. Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Ida M. Androwich PhD, RNC, FAAN
Dr. Androwich is a Professor of Nursing at Loyola
University Chicago teaching graduate courses in
Health Care Informatics, Systems, and PopulationBased…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Jean M. Arnold, EdD, RN
Dr. Arnold is Professor Emerita in nursing
informatics, Rutgers University College of Nursing
with a doctoral degree from Teachers College,
Columbia University …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Suzanne Bakken DNSc, RN, FAAN, FACMI
Suzanne Bakken, RN, DNSc, FAAN, is Alumni
Professor of Nursing and Professor of Biomedical
Informatics at Columbia University …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Marion Ball, EdD
Dr. Ball’s career started in 1965 at the University of
Kentucky, she worked on computerizing a clinical lab
system. She also promoted and supported numerous
activities…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Patty Brennan PhD, RN, FAAN, FACMI
Dr. Patricia Flatley Brennan is the Lillian L.
Moehlman Bascom Professor, School of Nursing and
College of Engineering, University of WisconsinMadison. She developed…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Pat Button, EdD, RN
Dr. Button is Chief Nursing Officer for Zynx Health,
where she is responsible for the ZynxCare™ product
that provides customizable evidence based
interdisciplinary…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Betty L. Chang DNSc, RN, FNP-C, FAAN
Dr. Betty L. Chang’s major contributions in
informatics have been in the area of Nursing
Education and Research. She began in the early 1980’s
by designing…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Connie Delaney PhD, RN, FAAN, FACMI
Connie White Delaney is Dean & Professor, School of
Nursing, The University of Minnesota where she also
holds an informatics appointment in the School of
Medicine…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Carole A. Gassert PhD, RN, FACMI, FAAN
Alliance for Nursing Informatics (ANI) announces the
appointment of Carole A. Gassert…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Susan J. Grobe, PhD, RN
Dr. Grobe is known for her contributions …Read
more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Rosemary Kennedy, MBA, RN
Rosemary Kennedy is the Chief Nursing Informatics
Officer for Siemens Medical Solutions. In this role,
she provides professional practice leadership…Read
more
View her video
Listen to audio
Read transcript of the interview
Debra Konicek RN, MSN, BC
Managing Director of the College of American
Pathologists’ (CAP) Professional Services division, is
responsible for …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Norma Lang, PhD, RN, FAAN
Norma M. Lang is the Howe Endowed Chair for
Healthcare Transformation, University of WisconsinMilwaukee College of Nursing and Aurora Health
Care …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Karen S. Martin, RN, MSN, FAAN
Karen is a health care consultant. She participated in
early Omaha System research and development
…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Susan Matney, MSN, RN
Susan has worked as a nurse since 1981 and began her
career in informatics in 1997. She has been involved
in the creation and implementation of the…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Kathleen A. Mcormick PhD, RN, FAAN, FACMI
Dr. McCormick is Senior Principal Scientist/Vice
President, SAIC-Frederick in Rockville, Md …Read
more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Judy Murphy RN, FACMI, FHIMSS
For over 25 years Judy Murphy has been a leader and
pioneer in the nursing informatics community …Read
more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Susan K. Newbold PhD, RN-BC, FAAN, FHIMSS
Dr. Newbold is a Healthcare Informatics Consultant
based in Franklin, TN. She founded CARING …Read
more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Judy G. Ozbolt PhD, RN, FAAN, FACMI, FAIMBE
Judy Ozbolt received her BSN from Duke University
in 1967. Following Peace Corps assignments in
Turkey and Liberia, she earned an MS and a PhD
…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Carol Romano RN, BC, CNAA, FAAN
Rear Admiral Romano is the Acting Chief of Staff for
the Office of the Surgeon General and Chief Nurse
Officer for the Public…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Virginia K. Saba
Dr. Saba, a nationally and internationally known
pioneer of computer technology in nursing has for
over 40 years …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Patricia M. Schwirian, Phd, RN
Dr. Schwirian is Professor Emerita, The Ohio State
University College of Nursing & Department of
Family Medicine…Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Joyce E. Sensmeier RN, MS, RN-BC, CPHIMS, FHIMSS
Joyce Sensmeier MS, RN-BC, CPHIMS, FHIMSS,
FAAN began her career in Nursing Informatics at
Palos Community Hospital …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Roy L. Simpson, RN, C, FNAP, FAAN
Roy L. Simpson, RN, C, CMAC, FNAP, FAAN, is
vice president, nursing informatics, at Cerner
Corporation. He is responsible for strategic
sales/planning the patient…Read more
View his video
Read transcript of the interview
Diane J. Skiba, PhD, FACMI, FAAN
Dr. Diane J. Skiba is Professor and Coordinator of
Healthcare Informatics at the University of Colorado
Denver. Since 1980, she has dedicated …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Nancy Staggers
Dr. Nancy Staggers has an extensive background in
clinical informatics, from determining user
requirements to application prototyping, system
selection, large systems …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Marianne Tallberg
View her video
Linda Q. Thede PhD, RN, C
Dr. Thede is Professor Emeritus from the College of
Nursing at Kent State University where she
participated in numerous university committees
studying and implementing …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
James P. Turley, PhD, RN
Dr. Turley is Associate Professor at the School of
Health Information Sciences, University of Texas
Health Science Center at Houston…Read more
View his video
Read transcript of the interview
Judith J. Warren PhD, RN, FAAN, FACMI
Judith J. Warren, PhD, RN, BC, FAAN, FACMI is the
Christine A. Hartley Centennial Professor at the
University of Kansas School of Nursing …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Charlotte Weaver, RN, PhD
Dr. Weaver is Senior Vice President and Chief
Clinical Officer for Gentiva Health Services, Atlanta,
GA. Formerly, she held executive positions …Read
more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Elizabeth E. Weiner PhD, RN-BC, FAAN
Betsy Weiner, PhD, RN-BC, FACMI, FAAN, is the
Senior Associate Dean for Informatics at the
Vanderbilt University School of Nursing …Read more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Rita Zielstorff RN, MS, FAAN,FACMI
Rita D. Zielstorff is an internationally recognized
expert in clinical information systems. She began her
informatics career in 1971 at the Laboratory …Read
more
View her video
Read transcript of the interview
Health Informatics
E.J.S. Hovenga et al. (Eds.)
IOS Press, 2010
© 2010 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.
doi:10.3233/978-1-60750-476-4-9
9
2. Health Informatics – An Introduction
Evelyn.J.S.HOVENGA1, RN, PhD (UNSW), FACHI, FACSa, Michael R KIDD,
MBBS, MD, DCCH, DipRACOG, FRACGP, FACHI, FAFPM (Hon), FHKCFP
(Hon), FRNZCGP (Hon), MAICDb, Sebastian GARDE Dr. sc. hum., Dipl.-Inform.
Med., FACHIc, Carola HULLIN LUCAY COSSIO RN, BN, Hons, PhD (Melb.Uni)d
a
Director, eHealth Education, Consultant, openEHR Foundation, and Honorary
Senior Research Associate, Centre for Health Informatics & Multiprofessional
Education, University College London, Honorary Academic Fellow, Austin Health,
Melbourne, Adjunct Professor, Central Queensland University Rockhampton,
Queensland, and Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
b
Executive Dean, Faculty of Health Sciences, Flinders University, Australia
c
Senior Developer, Ocean Informatics, Düsseldorf, Germany
d
Co-Founder eHealth Systems, Santiago, Chile, Melbourne, Australia
Abstract. This chapter gives an educational overview of:
• the scope of the health informatics discipline
• health informatics and e-health definitions
• health informatics professional networks
• potential benefits of applying health informatics technologies
Keywords. Medical Informatics, Information Systems, Health, Computer Systems,
Knowledge
Introduction
Health Informatics is a highly interdisciplinary field that may be defined as “an
evolving scientific discipline that deals with the collection, storage, retrieval,
communication and optimal use of health related data, information and knowledge. The
discipline utilises the methods and technologies of the information sciences for the
purposes of problem solving, decision making and assuring highest quality health care
in all basic and applied areas of the biomedical sciences” [1].
1. eHealth
The term e-health only came into widespread usage a few years ago at the turn of the
century. It was preceded by telemedicine, teleradiology or telehealth. As this became
more common place most people realised that telemedicine or telehealth was simply
1
Corresponding Author: e.hovenga@ehealtheducation.net
10
E.J.S. Hovenga et al. / Health Informatics – An Introduction
about the delivery of health care via the use of telecommunications. With rapid
advances and the convergence of these technologies with information technologies
these terms became obsolete. There is no agreed definition for e-health, yet this term is
widely used by many. Oh et al. [2] undertook a systematic review of 1209 abstracts and
430 citations and found 10 different definitions for the term eHealth, and from a
Google search an additional 41 unique definitions were located ranging in length from
3 to 74 words. The most common universal themes were health and technology. In
addition 6 less frequently mentioned themes emerged: commerce, stakeholders,
outcomes, place and perspectives. The word Internet was mentioned in 27 of the 51
definitions and only one definition included the term integration.
The adoption of technologies to better manage health information and
communication within a nation’s health industry enables significant productivity and
efficiency improvements to be achieved. It enables the provision of a more effective
and efficient health workforce who are thus enabled to provide higher quality, safer and
more accessible care in multiple locations producing better health outcomes. The
adoption of health informatics or e-health is simply a requirement of doing business in
21st century healthcare [3]. This requires educational organizations to build the
necessary workforce capacity so that these technologies can be developed,
implemented and used optimally.
2. Health Informatics Discipline
The discipline of health informatics has arisen from the earlier established science of
medical informatics [4] [5] [6]. The field of health informatics is very extensive. For
example at the twelfth’s world congress on medical informatics held in Brisbane in
2007, Australia close to 300 papers and as many posters were presented and classified
into any one of 71 different topics covering all aspects of the technology and many
different applications by a vast array of health professionals in all types of health care
related settings, including clinical, management, administrative, policy and research
based in community and institutional settings. It is noted that the first world congress
on medical informatics was held in 1974 in Stockholm, Sweden . Although the two
disciplines share many concepts, and the terms are often interchangeable, in this
textbook we have chosen to focus on the use of information technology in all areas of
health care, rather than just focus on the delivery of medical services by medical
practitioners. The term health informatics is all embracing and medical informatics
could be viewed as a subset of health informatics along with nursing or dental
informatics.
Many countries have established a health informatics group, society or association.
Such organizations then choose to become a member of the International Medical
Informatics Association (IMIA) and this organization hosts international conferences
together with the local national member organization to promote the discipline, enable
international networking to take place and to share experiences. IMIA has set about to
define the health informatics discipline via its scientific map and the educational
recommendations. Both are IMIA endorsed documents available from www.imia.org
although they are both in the process of being updated[7]. The current scientific map
has seven categories as detailed in Table 1:
11
E.J.S. Hovenga et al. / Health Informatics – An Introduction
Table 1 IMIA Scientific Map Categories
Applied
Technology
Information Applications DataHumanEducation
Technology and Products Infrastructure Organizational and
Infrastructure
Related
Knowledge
Clinical
Disciplines
These original IMIA Scientific Map categories have been extended to fourteen
organizing concepts or categories in the latest draft, these are presented in the Table 2.
Table 2– IMIA’s 2008 Draft Organizing Concepts of the Health Informatics Discipline
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
ICT (Computer Science) for Health
Health & Social Care processes
Health (Care) Records
Health & Social Care industry
Health Informatics Standards
Knowledge Domains & Knowledge Discovery
Legal & Ethical
8. People in Organisations
9. Politics & Policy
10. Technologies for Health
11. Terminology, Classification & Grouping
12. Uses of Clinical Information
13. Using Informatics to Support Clinical
14. Computer Systems Applications in Health
(Toolkit)
Numerous concepts fit within each category ranging from around 20 to more than
60 indicating the enormous scope of this discipline. This clearly demonstrates not only
the scope of the Health Informatics discipline but also the needs from a healthcare
system perspective.
The discipline is very broad, has lots of depth and may be classified into
computing (incl. all information and communications technologies) or health (incl.
healthy living, population health, health service delivery, health policy) problem
spaces. This means that no health informatician has the same set of knowledge and
skills as another, each tends to focus on their own strengths and areas of interests in
either problem space although all need to possess a basic set of competencies. The
figures below show the key differences for each problem space [8]. The shaded portion
in Figure 1 represents Health Informatics in the problem space of computing. Health
Informaticians need knowledge/skills throughout the spectrum in the computing space,
from some practical knowledge in Computer Hardware and Architecture to a profound
theoretical understanding as well as application skills on the organisational and
information systems layer.
Figure 1: The Overall Place of Health Informatics in the Problem Space of Computing
12
E.J.S. Hovenga et al. / Health Informatics – An Introduction
The Health problem space is complex. For example, sharing electronic health
records is a more complex task than sharing financial information or travel bookings.
There are lots of different types of information; progress notes, appointments,
documents, collections of images, laboratory results, registries etc. The variety of
information is obvious in the paper world where there are hundreds or thousands of
different forms in just one hospital, putting at risk people receiving healthcare services.
Health care is constantly changing in three ways (breadth, depth, complexity): new
information, information in finer-grained detail, and new relationships are always being
discovered or becoming relevant complicating this space further. Therefore – more
than in other computing discipline – in addition to an understanding of content in the
computing problem space, an understanding of the health problem space content is
fundamental for Health Informaticians. The shaded portion in Figure 2 represents
Health Informatics in the health problem space which is essentially the reverse of the
depth of skills and knowledge required from the computing space.
Figure 2 The Overall Place of Health Informatics in the Health Problem Space
Every health informatics project requires a team of people who collectively
contribute the necessary set of skills and knowledge to that project, thus teamwork and
the ability to work collaboratively with others are skills every health informatician
requires. The difference between information systems specialists and health
information systems specialists is that the latter place a greater emphasis on the
application of the technology/systems in health care. They focus on solving very
complex medical or health related problems using the information technology to the
fullest extent as the tool to achieve that. This often means the need for a change in
work practices.
3. Potential Benefits of Applying ICT in the Health Industry
The application of cutting edge technologies pertaining to the computer,
communication and information sciences has much to offer the health sciences. We are
E.J.S. Hovenga et al. / Health Informatics – An Introduction
13
of the view that appropriate use of these technologies will result in improved health,
lower costs and improved service delivery methods [9]. To achieve this, healthcare
professionals need to be aware of the possibilities today and in …
Purchase answer to see full
attachment

Are you having trouble with the above assignment or one similar?

To date, 239 students have ordered this same assignment from us and received 100% original work. We can do the same for you!

We offers 100% original papers that are written from scratch.We also have a team of editors who check each paper for plagiarism before it is sent to you.

Click this “order now” button to see free Cost Breakdown!