In this assignment, you identify the barriers to reentry so specific challenges can be addressed. Specific legislation has been passed to promote the success of offenders who prepare to reenter society.Review the following article on the Second Chance Act:Second Chance Act (SCA)President Bush Signs H.R. 1593, the Second Chance Act of 2007Respond to each of the following questions, writing a minimum of 175 words for each bullet point below:Provide a brief overview of this law. Has it been successful? Why or why not?Does the government have an ethical responsibility to provide funding for resources and services for offenders to reenter society? Why or why not?Do you feel offenders should be given a second chance? Explain.Format any citations according to APA guidelines.
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Fact Sheet: President Bush Signs Second Chance Act of 2007
President Bush Signs H.R. 1593, the Second Chance Act of
White House News
“America is the land of second chance, and when the gates of the prison open, the path ahead
should lead to a better life.”
– President George W. Bush, 2004 State of the Union Address
Today, President Bush signed into law the Second Chance Act of 2007. The Second Chance Act
(H.R. 1593) will help transform lives and build safer communities by helping prisoners who are returning
to society break cycles of crime and start new lives. The legislation formally authorizes key elements of
the successful Prisoner Reentry Initiative (PRI), announced by the President in 2004, to help prisoners
effectively reintegrate into the community. Additionally, the Second Chance Act enhances drug treatment,
mentoring, and transitional services for ex-offenders through partnerships with local corrections agencies
and faith-based and community organizations.
The Second Chance Act Formalizes The Prisoner Reentry Initiative.
In his 2004 State of the Union address, President Bush announced the PRI to help released
inmates find work and make a fresh start in life after prison. Expanding upon the successful
Ready4Work pilot program, PRI links returning adult nonviolent offenders with faith-based and community
organizations that help them find work, connect with mentors, and avoid relapse into criminal activity.

PRI is yielding results for America’s ex-offenders. In the first two years of the program, more
than 12,800 offenders have enrolled in the prisoner reentry program. More than 7,900 offenders
have been placed in jobs. Only 18 percent of those enrolled in the program have been arrested
again within one year – less than half the estimated national average.

PRI is a signature program of the President’s Faith-Based and Community Initiative. To
meet the individual needs of recently released ex-offenders as they transition back to society, PRI
connects these individuals with faith-based and other nonprofit organizations within their

PRI is a collaborative effort between the U.S. Departments of Justice (DOJ) and Labor
(DOL) to help reduce recidivism in urban centers and other areas with the greatest need.
o DOJ grants are awarded to State agencies for pre-release services to partner antirecidivism efforts with those of faith-based and community organizations.
o DOL funds are awarded to faith-based and community organizations that provide a
variety of assistance to returning prisoners, including workforce development services,
job training, counseling, and other reentry services.

The law signed today assists States and local government entities, in partnership with
nonprofit organizations, to establish prisoner reentry demonstration projects.
Demonstration projects include:
o Education, vocational training, and job placement services
o Coordinated supervision for offenders upon release, including housing and mental and
physical health care
o Programs that encourage offenders to develop safe, healthy, and responsible family and
parent-child relationships
The Second Chance Act Extends The President’s Vision For Ensuring Returning Prisoners Have
The Opportunity to Start New Lives.
President Bush has championed prisoner reentry and other initiatives to transform lives and cut
crime through programs like DOJ’s Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) and
Anti-Gang Initiative, DOL’s Ready4Work program, and the U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services’ Mentoring Children of Prisoners program.

Along with delivering vital services, these programs advance innovation in reducing crime
and breaking cycles of recidivism. By funding social entrepreneurs to expand prisoner reentry
programs that couple efforts of corrections agencies and nonprofit organizations, the
Administration is providing venture capital to build effective reentry models that can be replicated
at the State and local level.
Shown Here:
Public Law No: 110-199 (04/09/2008)
(This measure has not been amended since it was passed by the House on November 11, 2007. The summary
of that version is repeated here, with changes reflecting enrollment corrections.)
Second Chance Act of 2007: Community Safety Through Recidivism Prevention or the Second Chance Act of 2007 (Sec. 5) Requires the Attorney General, not later than January 31 of each year, to submit all reports required by this
Act during the preceding year to the Judiciary Committees of Congress.
Title I: Amendments Related To The Omnibus Crime Control And Safe Streets Act of 1968 – Subtitle A:
Improvements to Existing Programs – (Sec. 101) Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of
1968 to reauthorize, rewrite, and expand provisions for adult and juvenile offender state and local reentry
demonstration projects to provide expanded services to offenders and their families for reentry into society.
Sets forth provisions relating to grant applications, requirements for grants, priorities in awarding grants, and reentry
plan performance measurements. Requires grant recipients to: (1) develop comprehensive strategic reentry plans
containing measurable annual and five-year performance outcomes; and (2) establish or empower reentry task forces
to promote lower recidivism. Limits the federal share of a grant to 50% of the project funded under such grant.
Authorizes the Attorney General to provide for the establishment of a National Adult and Juvenile Offender Reentry
Resource Center to collect data and assist grantees in carrying out offender reentry programs.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010. Limits funding for technical assistance and training to not more than
3% or less than 2% of available funds. Requires the Attorney General to ensure that grants are distributed equitably
among the geographical regions and between urban and rural populations, including Indian tribes.
(Sec. 102) Requires states receiving funds under the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment program to provide
aftercare services, including case management services and other support services. Requires the Attorney General
to conduct a study on the use and effectiveness of funds used for aftercare services.
(Sec. 103) Revises the definition of “violent offender” for purposes of the drug court grant program to include an
offender who has been convicted of an offense punishable by a prison term of more than one year. Requires
grantees to adopt such revised definition within three years after the enactment of this Act. Requires the Secretary of
Health and Human Services to revise regulations to incorporate the revised definition.
(Sec. 104) Authorizes the use of violent offender truth-in-sentencing grant funds under the Violent Crime Control and
Law Enforcement Act of 1994 for offender reentry demonstration projects.
Subtitle B: New and Innovative Programs To Improve Offender Reentry Services – (Sec. 111) Authorizes the
Attorney General to award grants up to $500,000 to establish state, local, and tribal reentry courts to monitor
offenders and provide them with access to comprehensive reentry services and programs, including programs for
drug and alcohol testing and assessment for treatment. Requires grantees to report annually to the Attorney General
on the activities of reentry courts.
(Sec. 112) Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants to state, tribal, and local prosecutors for drug treatment
programs that are alternatives to imprisonment.
(Sec. 113) Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants for family substance abuse treatment alternatives to
incarceration for nonviolent parent drug offenders and for prison-based family treatment programs for incarcerated
parents of minor children.
(Sec. 114) Authorizes the Attorney General to carry out a grant program to evaluate methods to improve academic
and vocational education for offenders in prison, jails, and juvenile facilities.
(Sec. 115) Directs the Attorney General to make grants for providing technology career training to prisoners.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010.
Title II: Enhanced Drug Treatment And Mentoring Grant Programs – Subtitle A: Drug Treatment – (Sec. 201)
Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants to: (1) improve drug treatment for federal inmates; and (2) reduce the
use of alcohol and other drugs by long-term substance abusers while incarcerated or during periods of parole or court
supervision. Requires the Attorney General to submit to Congress: (1) an interim report by September 30, 2009, on
the best practices for substance abuse treatment in prisons and treatment of long-term substance abusers; and (2) a
final report by September 30, 2010, on funded programs.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010.
Subtitle B: Mentoring – (Sec. 211) Requires the Attorney General to make grants to nonprofit organizations for
providing mentoring and other transitional services for reintegrating offenders into the community.
(Sec. 212) Authorizes the Secretary of Labor to make grants to nonprofit organizations to provide mentoring, job
training and placement services, and other services to assist certain non-violent offenders in obtaining and retaining
Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010.
(Sec. 213) Requires the Director of the Bureau of Prisons to: (1) adopt and implement a policy allowing the
continuation of mentoring services to offenders after their release from prison; and (2) report to Congress by
September 30, 2009, on the implementation of such policy.
(Sec. 214) Requires the Director to discontinue the Standardized Chapel Library project or any other project that
limits prisoner access to reading and other educational material.
Subtitle C: Administration of Justice Reforms – Chapter 1: Improving Federal Offender Reentry – (Sec. 231)
Requires the Attorney General, in coordination with the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, to establish a federal
prisoner reentry initiative to prepare prisoners for release and successful reintegration into the community.
Requires the Director to assist prisoners in obtaining identification documents (e.g., birth certificates and social
security cards) prior to release from prison.
Directs the Attorney General to modify the policies and procedures of the Department of Justice (DOJ) for transition
of offenders into the community.
Expands the duties of the Director to include reentry planning procedures to provide federal prisoners with
information on health and nutrition, employment, literacy and education, and other matters to assist in reentry into the
community. Requires the Director to report to the Judiciary Committees of Congress annually on: (1) the progress of
the Bureau of Prisons in responding to the reentry needs and deficits of inmates; and (2) recidivism reduction.
Requires the adoption of performance measures and goals for reentry and recidivism reduction programs of the
Bureau of Prisons.
Requires the Attorney General to: (1) take steps to educate employers on initiatives for hiring former federal, state, or
local prisoners; and (2) conduct a pilot program for removing nonviolent elderly offenders (not less than age 65) from
prison and placing them on home detention.
Requires the Bureau of Prisons to ensure prisoners in community confinement facilities continued access to medical
Authorizes the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, in consultation with the Attorney General, to
establish the Federal Remote Satellite Tracking and Reentry Training (ReStart) program to promote the effective
reentry into the community of high risk individuals (i.e., individuals who violated terms of release or are at a high risk
of recidivism). Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010.
(Sec. 232) Requires the Attorney General to report to Congress on DOJ practices and policies for the use of physical
restraints on pregnant female prisoners.
Chapter 2: Reentry Research – (Sec. 241) Authorizes the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice
Standards to conduct research on juvenile and adult offender reentry.
(Sec. 242) Authorizes the Attorney General to award grants to study parole and post-supervision revocation data and
community safety issues.
(Sec. 243) Authorizes the Attorney General to collect data and develop best practices for coordinating the efforts of
state correctional departments and child protection agencies to ensure the safety and support of children of
incarcerated parents and the support of relationships between incarcerated parents and their children. Expresses the
sense of Congress that states and other entities should use the best practices developed by the Attorney General to
protect children of incarcerated parents.
(Sec. 244) Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants to public and private research entities to evaluate the
effectiveness of depot naltrexone for the treatment of heroin addiction.
(Sec. 245) Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010.
Chapter 3: Correctional Reforms to Existing Law – (Sec. 251) Amends federal criminal code prerelease provisions
to expand the authority of the Director of the Bureau of Prisons to place prisoners in a community corrections facility.
Requires the Director to report to the Judiciary Committees of Congress on the use of community corrections facilities
and issue regulations on placement of offenders in such facilities.
Prohibits courts from entering orders requiring that a sentence of imprisonment be served in a community corrections
(Sec. 252) Redefines “residential substance abuse treatment” for offenders to allow: (1) an extended treatment
period; and (2) the use of pharmocotherapies.
(Sec. 253) Expands the authority of the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts to contract for reentry
services for offenders.
Chapter 4: Miscellaneous Provisions – (Sec. 261) Amends the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 to extend the
date for the report of the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission on the impacts of prison rape, thus extending
the Commission’s termination date

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