Introduction:In this unit, you will submit your final Criminal Justice Capstone Project, finalizing revisions on the appropriate draft and inserting an Abstract, Conclusion.Instructions:You will incorporate the full display of competencies (1-5) for this assignment.Competency 1: Apply an ethics-centered, evidence-based analysis to complex situations encountered by criminal justice practitioners.Competency 2: Explain the antecedents and consequences of crime in the broader context of interdisciplinary knowledge.Competency 3: Integrate theoretical, scientific, and practical methods in application to solve problems relevant to criminal justice.Competency 4: Describe effective conflict resolution techniques for culturally diverse group interactions.Competency 5: Assess the ethical, community-focused leadership skills required for successful criminal justice practitioners in a wide range of interactions.Special Instructions:Rearrange and revise the essay in the drop link below following the instructions above according to APA format. Add 2 pages and 4 scholarly sources to the draft essay in the drop link below, keeping the current sources provided for you. Continue to utilize in-text citations.In total you will need to have 10 scholarly sources, so keep up with all your sources. 6 sources are already provided for you in the draft essay below. Also, be sure to add an abstract and a conclusion to the final assignment. Make a dedicated effort to apply 2 sources towards each competency.
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Crime is a term used to explain the acts of offenses and breakage of law. Criminal acts
are deemed to be the acts of humans after breaking the law of offending others in a
community. Crime is punishable by law and could attract penalties, such as fines or
imprisonment. Criminal activities are caused by various issues, such as drug abuse.
Moreover, crime can be an antecedent of depression or mental disorders that affects
the aspect of the decision-making of an individual. Family conflicts could also cause
criminal activities in a community (Riedel & Welsh, 2015). Significantly, racism plays a
crucial part with the victims who are seen as the perpetrators of criminal acts. Politics,
poverty, and overpopulation, such as living in slums, can cause an increase in criminal
acts within a community. Therefore, many issues lead to illegal activities that pose a
threat to the law enforcement department within a region.
Additionally, crimes can cause various problems in society. Criminal activities are
believed to be the cause of many problems in a community. For instance, crimes can
cause financial problems related to the loss of items and properties. Crime can also be
the leading cause of emotional distress, as well as pain due to injuries. Psychological
effects can be caused by crimes when an individual is affected by the feelings after
being the victim of a crime. Severe criminal acts, such as the death of a friend or a
family member, can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder and can also affect
someone’s social life (Hua & Yang, 2017). Other issues that can be caused by criminal
acts can include fear, anxiety, depression, grief, guilt, isolation, helplessness,
withdrawal, and memory problems. Crime also affects the broader community as the
law enforcement department has to deal with restlessness within a society.
Furthermore, the communities require leaders and law enforcement personnel, who
have a vision and an element of promoting peace and security amongst the rest of the
citizens. Effective leaders and law enforcement professionals must portray
competence, ethics, and skills that are suitable in enhancing law and order. For
example, police officers, among other law enforcement personnel, should be guided by
ethical standards and leadership skills when performing their duties. The skills and
competencies of law enforcement professionals should involve active aspects of
listening as they would be required to be keen in listening to different cases and
analyzing the issues presented by different people (Masood, 2017). Also, law
enforcement professionals should have basic education, which would be useful in
helping the personnel in making critical decisions as well as weighing different
perspectives of law. Police officers should also be resourceful and have the element of
investigating issues before coming into conclusions.
Law enforcement professionals should also possess critical thinking skills as elements
that would help in making viable decisions in policing activities. The professionals
should also have ethical leadership traits as well as possess the verbal and non-verbal
communication characteristics which would help in conversing with the citizens. High
physical fitness should also be an aspect of promoting law and order in society (Dutelle
& Taylor, 2017). Also, delegation skills, hierarchy awareness, honesty, ability to
motivate others, professionalism, caring, and the element of humor should be
considered as traits in an effective and efficient law enforcement leader, regarding the
development of policing activities. Consequently, the ethical considerations should help
the professionals in acting morally and avoid misconceptions such as racism; as well
as, corruption in counting towards the development of the law enforcement department,
plus the attainment of law and order.
Moreover, criminal justice practitioners have the mandate of portraying ethical
standards and values. The ethical considerations are deemed as the responsibilities of
criminal justice practitioners towards the success of the criminal justice system. For
instance, law enforcement personnel have the task of ensuring the use of ethics,
discretion, and professionalism. Ethics acts as the guide to the betterment of policing
activities. Criminal justice practices should not be based on racism or discrimination.
The practices should as well be based on allegiance, honesty, loyalty, and courage
(Banks, 2018). Implementation of ethical standards should also involve the aspects of
compassion, respect, accountability, integrity, honor, and respect to others within the
criminal justice system. Moral standards are also crucial as they help criminal justice
practitioners in making viable decisions. The criminal justice professionals should also
adhere to the rules and guidelines of the system even when no one is watching. The
approach would be considered useful in promoting social balance in a community.
Criminal justice system could also be monitored towards the improvement of its role in a
community. The aim is to improve the responsibilities of the criminal justice system as
well as help the practitioners in reducing the cases of crimes in a community. For
example, the evidence-based practice could be implemented to enhance the delivery of
security services to the communities. Evidence-based practices focus on research
approaches that assess the rate of crimes and evidence of the aspects of reducing
crime rates (Taxman, Henderson, & Belenko, 2009). The focus should also be based
on enhancing the motivation to adapt to changes; whereas, the criminal justice
practitioners will be guided on the principles of improving the system. Various
approaches could be implemented, such as training, positive reinforcement, community
support, a measure of the relevant process, contingency management, and risk
interventions. Therefore, criminal justice practitioners will be improved in their role in
promoting the security of the community.
Banks, C. (2018). Criminal justice ethics: Theory and practice. Sage Publications.
Dutelle, A. W., & Taylor, R. S. (2017). Ethics for the public service professional. Crc
Hua, N., & Yang, Y. (2017). Systematic effects of crime on hotel operating
performance. Tourism Management, 60, 257-269.
Masood, A. (2017). Personality traits as predictor of job performance in police
officers. Bahria Journal of Professional Psychology, 16(2), 31-53.
Riedel, M., & Welsh, W. N. (2015). Criminal violence: Patterns, causes, and prevention.
Oxford University Press, USA.
Taxman, F. S., Henderson, C. E., & Belenko, S. (2009). Organizational context,
systems change, and adopting treatment delivery systems in the criminal justice

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