One page of single spaced research blog post with the title of current pollution issues in china, for example air pollution and water pollution. There is an example blog post of India which I have uploaded. You also can talk about the same thing with the sample blog post of India that I attached below because there are same things that were happening in China as well. Be sure to use sources and economic concepts. Don’t forget to add citations in the end.
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This summer I had the opportunity to participate in a study abroad experience
in the state of Uttarakhand, India. When I was there, I was able to observe many
different agricultural practices, since the area we were in was very rural. On my train
ride from Delhi to Mukteshwar, I noticed some agricultural fields that were smoking
and seemed to be on fire. When I asked our trip instructor about it, she told me they
were practicing slash and burn agriculture.
Slash and burn is just what it sounds like: cutting a field to harvest crops and
then igniting so that it is cleared for the next round of crops it is going to be planted
to. It is common mainly because of its low cost, making it accessible to farmers with
varying economic status (Sharma S. , 2019). The economic status of farmers
influences their decision to practice slash and burn, and in turn has an impact on the
quality of air. When agricultural fields are cleared using this method, the impact on
the air quality is devastating (Opara-Nadi & Ijah, 2012). There are other, more
expensive ways to clear a field, but because farmers are already struggling
economically and want to maximize profit, they often choose the most cost-effective
option, shifting the economic pressure to other. According to Dr. Sumit Sharma, slash
and burn methods are also attractive because mechanical harvesting does not cut all
the way to the ground, which is desirable for farmers(Sharma S., 2019). If only the
financial costs associated with slash and burn are considered, this method makes
great sense. However, the full cost includes factors such as human health, change in
climate, air quality (Opara-Nadi & Ijah, 2012), and are worth consideration.
The behavior of the farmers who practice this agricultural method for clearing
fields is myopic, because they are compromising the future in order to make money
now. This has led to externalities, mainly impacting air quality. This is considered an
externality because a single farmer’s decision to burn a field is impacting others who
do not receive any sort of compensation for the harm done to them. If we were able to
draw a supply and demand curve to illustrate this, the Marginal Private Costs (MPC)
and the Marginal Social Costs (MSC) would not be the same line. When the cost of
the pollution is calculated into the curve, it would actually shift to the left and a new
equilibrium would be reached, reducing quantity and lowering price.
Opara-Nadi, O. A., & Ijah, C. J. (2012). Effects of biomass burning on soil properties
and air quality under slash-and-burn agriculture. Elixir Agriculture, 1155511564.
Sharma, S. P., & Subehia, S. K. (2003). Effects of Twenty-Five Years of Fertilizer Use
on Maize and Wheat Yeilds and Quality of an Acidic Soil in the Western
Himalayas. Experimental Agriculture, 55-64.

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