My professor does not want me to include an annotation with my final exam submission only a bibliography she said I will need to remove the annotation or brief description of each course and be sure to submit my paper with the required work limit so I do not lose points and I’m not sure how to do that.
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outline_and_bibliography_1_2.docx
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Booze 1
Kisha Booze
Dr. Roberson
MUSA104-N790
11/19/2019
Outline and Annotated Bibliography
Introduction: The African American community is known to value church more than anything
else on Sundays. Families plan for church before the day comes, and there are special dresses
that are won to the event. That means that church and everything related to the day comes as an
important day for black families in America. The culture of sacred or gospel music has been
crafted for many years, with black people coming to love and appreciate the genre of music.
Various social goals of the African Americans are reflected in the sacred and gospel genres of
music since the African American culture is largely embedded in it.
Thesis statement: Sacred music reflects the social goals of the African American culture
through its authenticity in indicating the indomitability of the African race as well as through
maintenance of African dance and movements that reflect their natural environment.
Body paragraph 1: African Americans have a life in America that is reflected clearly in the
gospel music they love and appreciate. Through the singing and dancing of gospel music, black
people indomitably show the authenticity of their culture as a people and how gospel music has
brought them together. Therefore, music that is sang by black people as sacred music comes far
back in history, as it was sued to make their lives better and bearable when they had to go
through the spell of slavery.
Booze 2
Citation 1: According to Pearl, in spite of all the life experiences that black people had to go
through, black-gospel music always case through for them it holds the aesthetics of being
African America (373).
Body paragraph 2: To maintain the value of their culture, African Americans have always
found pride in gospel music that has acted as glue that holds them together over the years as well
as a show of their beautiful cultural disparities. Different types of gospel songs have been
produced over the years and they were made popular by black people who wanted to show their
appreciation of black culture and style to the rest of the world.
Citation 2: Gospel or sacred music has been important to the lives of black individuals in
America throughout history, as the community has consistently used music as a means of
bringing them together and a reflection of their lives, their appreciation of their diverse cultures
and their way of life (Stewart 45-46).
Body paragraph 3: The making of gospel music is important to Africa Americans because it is
used as a tool of communication on what they love to do, how they live and what happens in
their day to day lives. Black people have always used gospel music to depict their way of life, the
social problems they have to g through and the values they hold because of being introduced to
gospel music by their ancestors.
Citation 3: According to Ingalls et al., music making in the gospel industry has been a
significant practice in the Christian communities around the world as much as it has been in the
African community (1).
Conclusion: The African American community has long embraced gospel music in their
community, as it is through gospel music that they get to share their social experiences and way
of life. Black people have always been known to love going to church because it is a significant
Booze 3
aspect of their lives. Through gospel music, African Americans are able to show case their social
compass, as the dance, spirit and intention that goes in making such music shows their passion
for their way of life and the black aesthetic.
Annotated Bibliography
Ingalls, Monique, Carolyn Landau, and Tom Wagner, eds. Christian congregational music:
Performance, identity and experience. Routledge, 2016.
According to Ingalls et al., music making in the gospel industry has been a significant
practice in the Christian communities around the world as much as it has been in the African
community (1). The authors go further to give their accounts of different ideologies that were
brought forth by individuals attending a conventional music conference on the importance of
gospel music to the African Americans and the rest of the world. The book is keen to highlight
that the importance of writing the book was to show the world the importance of music and its
making to the black people, and how they appreciated it enough to trust it as a tool through
which they could show their culture and way of life. Clearly, black people in America borrowed
different styles and performance from African performances to enhance their production of
gospel music which is now being used as a tool of social change in their communities. According
to the book, music has been an important tool of communication for many years, and for the
black people who love sacred music, the genre has always acted as their mirror of reflection on
their way of life, what they love to do and what they stand for as a community.
Stewart, L. Earl. (1998). African-American music. New York : Schirmer Books ; London :
Prentice Hall International.
According to Stewart, the music of gospel genre that has been appreciated by black
people for many years has always been used to introduce the African culture its richness and
Booze 4
diversity (45-46). The author makes significant points on gospel music and how it related to the
African American culture in subtle ways where the reader can easily relate. In the book, it is
clear that gospel music by black people does not just introduce the black culture to the world, but
the entire art of music. The four chapters in the book are divided in different sections where
different types of music like jazz, folk, theatric and classical music are closely analyzed in
relation to the African American culture. Stewart makes available different records of famous
black musicians who got involved in gospel music and their take on black culture as they deemed
fit. The different composers that made black gospel music were appreciative of the culture and
used music as a platform to show how blacks appreciated God and what it meant for them to get
involved in religious journeys. Therefore, the book shows how much African Americans
embodied religion and music in their culture and how the music reflected their perception of life
in their eyes.
Williams-Jones, Pearl. “Afro-American Gospel Music: A Crystallization of the Black
Aesthetic.” Ethnomusicology, vol. 19, no. 3, 1975, pp. 373–385. JSTOR,
www.jstor.org/stable/850791.
According to Pearl, the experiences that black people have gone through in the years
have crystallized and sharpened their craft in gospel music as a representation of their culture
(373). The author talks about the African American culture and how they adopted gospel music
to craft their aesthetic as people of color in a white-dominated country. In his book, the author
talks about how blacks in America expertly adopted concepts of West-Africa to make their
culture well-known. For many years, African Americans have adopted African ways in their
music and dance to create a unique identity of the art of music that is only relatable to them. The
book further touches on the manner in which African American culture values gospel music
Booze 5
performances both in their churches and other forums as a sign black identity. Essentially, gospel
music is appreciated by African Americans because it reflects the lives they go through and the
different experiences that they have to go through as a people.
Booze 6
Work Cited
Ingalls, Monique, Carolyn Landau, and Tom Wagner, eds. Christian congregational music:
Performance, identity and experience. Routledge, 2016.
Stewart, L. Earl. (1998). African-American music. New York : Schirmer Books ; London :
Prentice Hall International.
Williams-Jones, Pearl. “Afro-American Gospel Music: A Crystallization of the Black Aesthetic.”
Ethnomusicology, vol. 19, no. 3, 1975, pp. 373–385. JSTOR,
www.jstor.org/stable/850791.
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MUSA-104-N790 2019FA African American Music
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Outline and Annotated Bibliography Due
Outline and Annotated Bibliography Due
Submit Assignment
Due Nov 20 by 11:59pm
Points 50
Submitting a text entry box or a file upload
Available Sep 23 at 12am – Nov 21 at 12:01am about 2 months
Consider the styles of sacred (i.e. hymn lining, spirituals or gospel music) music investigated this semester and
address the following questions in a 1250 word research paper:
How does sacred music reflect the social goals of the African American culture? How do the innovators
and/or exponents contribute to the style?
Your paper must include the following: at least 1250 words of researched material and a works cited section.
You must use at least three sources (books, journals, dvd or video recording, ect.) You must use your text
book by Stewart as once of your sources. You are free to use as many sources as you like from HCC library’s
electronic data base. See the following link: http://howardcc.libguides.com/az.php . You may only use one
source from the internet that is not from HCC library’s electronic data base. This one source may be an
article you found online (make sure you validate the authenticity of the article). You may not use
wikipedia.com as one of your sources. If wikipedia.com is used the paper will not be accepted and a grade of
an F will be given. Plagiarism will not be accepted and will result in a failing grade. Visit the HCC website
at http://howardcc.libguides.com/citing-rh for assistance with writing and citing books. Outline,
annotated bibliography, optional draft, and final papers must be turned in on Canvas. You will be graded on
the following:
An outline including an annotated bibliography (5%) due 11/20/19.
Optional draft of your paper is due by 11/25/19.
Content and organization of the 1250 word paper must include a works cited page or bibliography page
(10%) due the day of the final exam: 12/11/19 at 11:59 p.m.
No more than 25% (or 312 quoted words) of the final exam paper can contain a similar match to other
sources or a grade of an F will be given.
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