Make the essay better, and rewrite the introduction paragraph. Find a backgroud for introduction, and summarize each quote before cite it
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Lin Li
11/17/2019
Fall 2019 – College Writing (IALC-1171-VIA)
Annette Lee
Second Draft of Research Paper
When it comes to free trade, the words globalization and World Trade Organization
(WTO) come to mind. Free trade had been proposed out for hundreds of yearsNow, trade is
happening all over the world, and everyone is aware of the importance of free trade. Some
people hold the idea that free trade increases unemployment rate. In contrast, some other people
think free trade does not destroy jobs, and it can help to create more jobs. Free trade does not
increase unemployment rate, and it has plenty of benefits: as it free trade can accelerates
economic growth, and the cancellation of free trade policy can’t decrease unemployment rate.
Figure 1. Rate of unemployment in different countries
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2019) shows the rate of
unemployment is high in many countries, especially in South Africa where the unemployment
rate is above 25%. The second highest unemployment rate country is Greece, which is above
15% . The next high unemployment rate country is Spain, which is above 10%. The chart shows
that there are high unemployment rate in both the developing world and the developed world.
Free trade does not destroy jobs, since free trade allows international enterprises to set
overseas factories in developing countries, which brings more job opportunities for the locals.
Both developed and developing countries joining in the free trade system need to pay some price.
Kuo, a professor at Chinese culture university, (2014) proved that “if the terms of trade are large
enough before opening trade, then it is more likely that opening trade would accelerate economic
growth for a small open country.” Take the US as an example, domestic economic trade is vast
due to the wide area and population. Naturally, when the US opens their market to all over the
world, it will not only get a large amount of benefits from international trade, but other countries
will also get more commodities to stimulate their manufacture and chances to sell their products.
Also, Lemieux, a Canadian economist,(2017) talks about why free trade does not destroy jobs in
his article. Lemieux states that: “Nearly 12 million Americans worked in agriculture in 1910…
while they number less than 2.5 million today ….. In the meantime, the total number of jobs in
the American economy increased from 37 to 151 million. …free trade does not destroy net jobs.
At least as many new jobs appear as old ones disappear”. Foreign competition can decrease
manufacturing employment, but free trade creates more jobs that relate to it. The decrease of
manufacturing employment does not mean the net decrease of jobs.
Also, free trade can accelerate economic growth. Furusawa (2003) claimed that if all
countries are symmetric, a complete global free trade network is pairwise stable and it is the
unique stable network if industrial commodities are not highly substitutable among themselves.
Comparing the developed countries and developing countries, in general, developing countries
can’t support high technological business as well as developed countries. Those developing
countries could provide low salary workforces for developed countries to produce the
components of products. While developed countries can’t provide technological support to help
developing countries study, imitate, and redesign. During the circulation, developed countries
could gain massive profits from selling products, in the meantime, those developing ones can get
chances to develop experience of how to survive under the international competitive
circumstances. Free trade provides a different way for different countries to gain commercial
benefits. As globalization continues, most of the countries can’t avoid joining in free trade.
Normally, people would like to seek for a higher position and good commodities. Free trade
could offer these to people in the easiest way. Thinking about North Korea, closed-door policy
has become an obstacle for their development. Taking cell phone as an example, we had already
used smart phone as a normal tool in our daily life, and the quality of it is high, we are studying
how to make it more diverse and seeking for a higher standard of performance. But in North
Korea, smart phone is still in a developing process, the usage of smart phones is limited in a
small group. Adam Smith, a Scottish economist, philosopher, (2018) states that “It is the maxim
of every prudent master of a family, never to attempt to make at home what it will cost him more
to make than to buy…What is prudence in the conduct of every private family, can scarce be
folly in that of a great kingdom”. To be more specific, if two companies which are far away from
thousand miles can sign a contract to make a collaboration for a project. One company provides
support of technology, another company offers workforces. Together, they can maximize their
interest, and at the same time, save lots of time and investments. It is a win-win plan, in the
capitalist world, which is adapted by most firms. The cooperation reallocates resources for
developed countries so that they can save payment for producing basic components and
workforces; for developing countries, they can provide more job opportunities for local people,
or at least improve local people’s standard of living, and also the economic growth.
However, overturning free trade policy does not decrease the unemployment rate. Coate
talks about how Chinese manufacturing competition lead to decline in the U.S. manufacturing
employment(2019). He states that “one very influential 2013 study estimates that a quarter of the
decline in total manufacturing employment between 1990 and 2007 came from Chinese import
competition, which translates to about 1.5 million fewer jobs.”(2019) The author suggests that
American domestic products suffer the strike of overseas goods, for they have a cheaper price
and better quality. Plenty of cheap foreign goods lead to unemployment in some industries.
However, A.F., an economist,(2018) states that “But protectionism will destroy more jobs than it
creates. Analysis by Trade Partnership, a consultancy, suggests that once Mexico, Canada and
Australia have been factored out and possible retaliation has been factored in, Mr. Trump’s
tariffs would cause nearly 13 jobs to be lost for every one gained in steel or aluminum
production “. The author admits that free trade can destroy jobs if a foreign country has better
quality products. However, protectionism can destroy more jobs. The problem here is that the
cost for The United States to make aluminum and metal is higher than in other countries, such as
Australia, so the price of aluminum and metal would increase, which will lead to an increase in
other products’ price(“Daily Steel,” 2019) Take the Corn Laws as an example: “These were a
series of taxes and restrictions on imports of grain, designed to favor British farmers. Local
produce had been losing out to cheaper foreign imports. The Corn Laws succeeded in blocking
them”(2018). The result of the Corn Laws was an increase of bread price, and it didn’t favor the
citizens’ cost budget. To decrease the unemployment rate, the government needs to make the
products be competitive, but not to protect it by increasing tariff, which could only make citizens
pay more money.
In conclusion, free trade does not destroy net job, since it can create jobs, and accelerate
economic growth, and increasing tariffs can’t resolve the unemployment problem. Free trade can
help the most countries to accelerate economic growth and directly improve citizens’ life. Most
countries do international trade with each other, so it is not wise for any country to close its
border. Countries should accept free trade and think of ways that can gain more profits.
Louis,
Please read through my comments
Things to keep in mind,
1) At least introduce the research a little before you bring in the quote
2) Some of your supporting sentences do not really support your thesis statement.
Please resubmit this on BB. I need to make sure that you didn’t plagiarize for this draft.
Content: 2.5
Organization 3
Lexical Resource 4
Grammatical Range and Accuracy 4
13.5/20
Reference
A.F. “Why Is Free Trade Good?” The Economist, 14 Mar. 2018,
www.economist.com/the-economist-explains/2018/03/14/why-is-free-trade-good.
Accessed 7 Nov. 2019.
Coate, Patrick. “How Much Does Trade Affect Employment?” AIER, 21 Apr. 2017,
www.aier.org/article/how-much-does-trade-affect-employment/. Accessed 7 Nov. 2019.
Daily steel prices [Chart]. (2019, December 3). Retrieved from Daily Steel Prices
database.
Kuo, K. , Lee, C. and Fang, C. (2014), “Free Trade and Economic Growth.”
Australian Economic Papers, 53: 69-76. doi:10.1111/1467-8454.12021
Lemieux, Pierre. “Free Trade Isn’t Killing Jobs.” Foundation for Economic Education, 16
Oct. 2017, fee.org/articles/free-trade-isnt-killing-jobs/. Accessed 18 Nov. 2019..
OECD (2019), Unemployment rate (indicator). doi: 10.1787/997c8750-en
(Accessed on 17 November 2019)
Taiji Furusawa, Hideo Konishi, Free Trade Networks[J]. SSRN Electronic Journal,2003.
Running head: RELIGIONS
1
Religions
Lin Li, Yan Yong
IALC-2304-L01
RELIGIONS
2
Religions
1. Over time Jews have adopted different names in a century, namely Hebrews,
Israelites, and Israelis. There is a distinction between the three selected names
Israelites comprise of the Semitic-speaking tribes that inhabited Canaan after leaving
Egypt, where they were slaves. Additionally, they are referred to be the descendants
of Jacob. Hebrew indicates the set of Israelites that lived in the Land of Canaan,
which was Israelites Promised Land. Israeli refers to the collection of Jews who are
considered to inhabit the modern State of Israel. There is little that is placed on the
respective individual religion or ethnicity of the individuals.
2. Judaism experienced some form of diversification and reforms in the 1800s, and
different branches originated in this period forming the largest of the three main
American Jewish denominations. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, there
was a reform developed as a result of a confrontation that was witnessed between
traditional Jewish and the proposed modern values and demands of the current state
society and culture. The confrontations that were developed were identified to be in
harmony with the liturgical reforms and idealistic philosophy.
3. Shabbat means the day of rest in the week, where the Jews are mandated to rest and
worship God. One the Shabbat all the Jews, some section of the Christians, and
Samaritans take a day off to recall of their creators work on the creation of the world
and heavens in the stipulated six days.
4. The Ten Commandments and Torah are identified to be Judaism guidance on core
ethics, given they explain the creator’s instructions on how they are expected to relate
while in fellowship with God. The first four commandments provide instructions on
how the Jews should worship God while the rest six commandments are identified to
show how they are expected to live with others in harmony.
RELIGIONS
3
5. Christianity is identified to have a powerful influence in the western world as it
sparked the modern-day political activist and the different social activities trying to
ensure there is better treatment of all humanity at all times. Moreover, Christianity has
given the expected moral conduct different individuals are expected
6. Three similarities exist between Judaism and Christians. First, both religions believe
there is one God. Second, both faiths identify both the bible and the Torah has been
written under the guidance of Hebrew Law. Third, both religions acknowledge Jesus
was crucified. The difference between Christianity and Judaism is Christians believe
Jesus was the sent Messiah to rescue the fallen world while Judaism rejects Jesus as
the Messiah, and his mission does not bear any relevance. Second, Judaism rejects the
doctrine of original sin being inherited while Christianity acknowledges the original
sin was inherited from Adam. Third, Christians identify Jesus as atonement, where
Christians are forgiven due to his crucifixion, while Judaism rejects the notion of
Jesus being atonement.
7. The sacrament is a religious ceremony that is undertaken by Christians as ritual as
part of their faith with recognition of Christ is holy, and with partaking of the bread
and wine, Christians remember the death and resurrection of Christ.
8. The concept of Trinity illustrates God is three in One; there is God the Father, God
the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. The trinity operated in unison to make the universe.
9. Jesuits are individuals who belong to the Catholic religious order, often referred to as
the Society of Jesus. The group of men is essential as students at Fordham University
as it is part of the New York Province of Society of Jesus that is located at Spellman
Hall.
10. There are five pillars of the Muslim faith. First Profession of Faith indicates there is
no other god apart from God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God. Second,
RELIGIONS
4
Prayer should be made five times a day by all Muslims: sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon,
dusk, and after dark. Thirds Aims were Muslims are instructed to donate a particular
portion of their income to needy communities. Fourth, fasting, which is done during
the daylight hours of Ramadan? Five Pilgrimage where Muslims are required to make
a trip to the holy city in Mecca at least once in their lifetime.
11. A prejudice that persists about Muslims in the United States and is a multifaceted
social phenomenon: for example, most of the terrorists in the United States are
affiliated with the Muslim religion; thus, most citizens are careful when relating to
Muslims as they are afraid they may potentially be in the form of danger.
12. If I were a Muslim, I would celebrate Ramadan as it the fasting period that is to be
faithfully observed by all Muslims, and I get an opportunity to share a meal with other
believers of the same faith and share some food with the needy.
11/17/2019
Fall 2019 – College Writing (IALC-1171-VIA)
Second Draft of Research Paper
When it comes to free trade, the words globalization and World Trade Organization
(WTO) come to mind. Free trade had been proposed out for hundreds of yearsNow, trade is
happening all over the world, and everyone is aware of the importance of free trade. Some
people hold the idea that free trade increases unemployment rate. In contrast, some other people
think free trade does not destroy jobs, and it can help to create more jobs. Free trade does not
increase unemployment rate, and it has plenty of benefits: as it free trade can accelerates
economic growth, and the cancellation of free trade policy can’t decrease unemployment rate.
Figure 1. Rate of unemployment in different countries
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2019) shows the rate of
unemployment is high in many countries, especially in South Africa where the unemployment
rate is above 25%. The second highest unemployment rate country is Greece, which is above
15% . The next high unemployment rate country is Spain, which is above 10%. The chart shows
that there are high unemployment rate in both the developing world and the developed world.
Free trade does not destroy jobs, since free trade allows international enterprises to set
overseas factories in developing countries, which brings more job opportunities for the locals.
Both developed and developing countries joining in the free trade system need to pay some price.
Kuo, a professor at Chinese culture university, (2014) proved that “if the terms of trade are large
enough before opening trade, then it is more likely that opening trade would accelerate economic
growth for a small open country.” Take the US as an example, domestic economic trade is vast
due to the wide area and population. Naturally, when the US opens their market to all over the
world, it will not only get a large amount of benefits from international trade, but other countries
will also get more commodities to stimulate their manufacture and chances to sell their products.
Also, Lemieux, a Canadian economist,(2017) talks about why free trade does not destroy jobs in
his article. Lemieux states that: “Nearly 12 million Americans worked in agriculture in 1910…
while they number less than 2.5 million today ….. In the meantime, the total number of jobs in
the American economy increased from 37 to 151 million. …free trade does not destroy net jobs.
At least as many new jobs appear as old ones disappear”. Foreign competition can decrease
manufacturing employment, but free trade creates more jobs that relate to it. The decrease of
manufacturing employment does not mean the net decrease of jobs.
Also, free trade can accelerate economic growth. Furusawa (2003) claimed that if all
countries are symmetric, a complete global free trade network is pairwise stable and it is the
unique stable network if industrial commodities are not highly substitutable among themselves.
Comparing the developed countries and developing countries, in general, developing countries
can’t support high technological business as well as developed countries. Those developing
countries could provide low salary workforces for developed countries to produce the
components of products. While developed countries can’t provide technological support to help
developing countries study, imitate, and redesign. During the circulation, developed countries
could gain massive profits from selling products, in the meantime, those developing ones can get
chances to develop experience of how to survive under the international competitive
circumstances. Free trade provides a different way for different countries to gain commercial
benefits. As globalization continues, most of the countries can’t avoid joining in free trade.
Normally, people would like to seek for a higher position and good commodities. Free trade
could offer these to people in the easiest way. Thinking about North Korea, closed-door policy
has become an obstacle for their development. Taking cell phone as an example, we had already
used smart phone as a normal tool in our daily life, and the quality of it is high, we are studying
how to make it more diverse and seeking for a higher standard of performance. But in North
Korea, smart phone is still in a developing process, the usage of smart phones is limited in a
small group. Adam Smith, a Scottish economist, philosopher, (2018) states that “It is the maxim
of every prudent master of a family, never to attempt to make at home what it will cost him more
to make than to buy…What is prudence in the conduct of every private family, can scarce be
folly in that of a great kingdom”. To be more specific, if two companies which are far away from
thousand miles can sign a contract to make a collaboration for a project. One company provides
support of technology, another company offers workforces. Together, they can maximize their
interest, and at the same time, save lots of time and investments. It is a win-win plan, in the
capitalist world, which is adapted by most firms. The cooperation reallocates resources for
developed countries so that they can save payment for producing basic components and
workforces; for developing countries, they can provide more job opportunities for local people,
or at least improve local people’s standard of living, and also the economic growth.
However, overturning free trade policy does not decrease the unemployment rate. Coate
talks about how Chinese manufacturing competition lead to decline in the U.S. manufacturing
employment(2019). He states that “one very influential 2013 study estimates that a quarter of the
decline in total manufacturing employ …
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