Instructions: you will
(2) blog posts of approximately 1000-1200 words, one by each of the due
dates listed below, on questions chosen from the following lists. You must post
your blog entries on Blackboard (see below for more details).
please read all source then start write
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Instructions: you will write two (2) blog posts of approximately 1000-1200 words, one by each
of the due dates listed below, on questions chosen from the following lists. You must post your
blog entries on Blackboard (see below for more details).
Note: you may write a draft of your blog post in a word processor and then copy-and-paste it into Blackboard. This can be helpful because a program like Word automatically counts the words for you – and any
simple formatting (like bold, italics, or underline) and hyperlinks will copy over into Blackboard (please
do not use more complicated formatting, which may not come out right in Blackboard). You can also
write your blog entry directly in Blackboard if you prefer.
Sources: Your blog posts must refer to (and properly cite) readings from the syllabus and Blackboard
as well as other articles or opinions you find (the balance between these will depend on the questions
you choose). You can also find other analyses and opinions on the internet; the Web Links section on
Blackboard will take you to organizations and research institutions that may publish relevant articles or
studies. Part of this assignment is to show that you have read, understood, and evaluated various readings
for the questions you choose. See additional suggestions and a more detailed grading rubric below.
Note: “Topic” here means topic on the syllabus; “Question” means the subject of your blog!
1. The United Kingdom (UK) is scheduled to leave the European Union (EU) on March 29,
2019, unless an extension of time for negotiating withdrawal is agreed to; by the time you
write this blog, we should have much more information than we had at the beginning of the
semester when this question was written. Your assignment is to focus, as much as possible,
on the economic consequences of “Brexit,” which of course will depend on which path
Britain takes: remaining in the single market or customs union (which now seems unlikely),
reaching some kind of new agreement with the EU, or a “hard Brexit” in which the UK simply leaves and trade (presumably) reverts to WTO rules and MFN tariffs.2 What kind of
gains or losses do you expect the UK to experience as a result of Brexit, under any of these
scenarios? Although it may be hard to avoid some reference to the politics of Brexit, your
focus in this blog should be on the economic consequences. There are some readings on
Brexit posted on Blackboard/Content/Topic 6, but since this is a continuously evolving
subject, you will also need to find updated sources for this question.
It is also possible that the UK could decide not to leave the EU after all, or schedule a second Brexit referendum.
But your job is to evaluate the economic consequences of the most likely Brexit scenarios, in case they occur.
How to create/post/upload/submit your blog entry in Blackboard:
1. Click on the “Policy Blogs” left nav button (if necessary, expand the display so that you can
see this option).
2. Click on the First or Second Policy Blog link (depending on which one you’re doing).
3. Click on the “Create Blog Entry” button (upper left).
4. Create your entry either by writing in the text box, or by copying and pasting from a word
processor (Microsoft Word or other).
5. Be sure to give your entry a Title (include the number of the question you are answering and
say something that states your focus or argument).
6. When you are finished, be sure to click on “Post entry.” This will upload your entry (your
assignment is not submitted until you do this!!). You may save your entry before posting it,
but don’t forget to post it!
7. You are also allowed to edit (or delete) your entries after they are posted, and to post comments on each other’s posts. You can also edit or delete your own comments, but not those of
others. (The professor can also delete anything, which he will only do in cases of offensive
material. Please keep all comments and discourse civil!)
Correct Use of Sources, Citations, and Other Guidelines/Suggestions:
You should discuss specific readings from the syllabus (or other sources) where relevant to
your topic. Try to find readings with contrasting points of view and evaluate which one(s)
you find more convincing.
Direct quotes (exact words) must be placed in quotation marks (“ ”), with an exact page
reference (except web pages, which are unnumbered) – see the example below. But use
quotes sparingly; as much as possible, try to express or summarize the authors’ points in
your own words, while still giving an appropriate citation. HINT: Just changing a few words
is not sufficient to avoid plagiarism; that is the worst approach. The best practice is to summarize completely in your own words; second-best is to quote the exact words from the
source and use quotation marks.
You must cite a source for any specific data or information/facts (but not for things that are
You should discuss references that give opinions. Merely citing a source is not sufficient to
justify an opinion. For example, don’t write something like: “It’s time for a moratorium on
new trade deals (De Grauwe, 2016).” When discussing an argument like this, you should
attribute it to the author(s), and then give your own evaluation. So it would be better to say:
“De Grauwe (2016) argues that it’s time for a moratorium on new trade deals”; then explain
his reasons and give your own reasons why you agree or disagree.
In the social sciences, we use the Author (date, page [if available]) style of citation in the
text, as shown above. Do not use traditional footnotes, but do include a brief Reference list at
the end (unless you do embedded links in your blog entry—see below).
• Be sure to provide URLs for any internet references indicating where they can be found.
Since you are writing a blog post, you may alternatively wish to provide embedded links
to any online sources. To create a hyperlink in your blog entry, follow these steps:
• In your blog entry in Blackboard, type and then highlight the text that you want to use as
your hyperlink, such as “Rodrik argues” (just as an example). Then, a button should light
up with a hyperlink sign (a chain link, which looks sort of like a diagonal 8). Click on this
button, and a box should appear with some options. (Alternatively, you can right click on
the highlighted text and choose the option for “Link.”) Then enter the “Link Path” (URL
or web address) for your source, which you can copy and paste from your web browser. It
is strongly recommended that you also change the option for Target to “Open in New
Window.” Finally, you must click the “Insert” button to save your link.
Alternatively, you can create hyperlinks in Word (or another word processor) before you
copy and paste the text into Blackboard. If you are using Word, highlight the text you
want to use (“Rodrik argues” in this example), right-click on the highlighted text, and
choose Link. Copy and paste the URL into the address box at the bottom and click OK.
The hyperlink should import correctly into Blackboard when you copy-and-paste your
text. However, you should then edit the links in Bb to change the option for Target to
“Open in New Window.”
• If your references are hyperlinks, then you don’t need Author (date) citations or
a separate reference list at the end! Look at how bloggers and online columnists
do their references! A reference list is only necessary for items that you don’t or
can’t link to.
Your blogs will be graded on the following criteria:
• Responding to the specific questions asked in this assignment (non-responsive essays will
be graded down).
• Stating (up front! at or near the beginning!) a clear thesis and then organizing the material
you cite into an argument in support of your thesis, while also citing and being fair to
• Showing evidence of having read multiple readings on your question (not just one or
two), including (but not limited to) the ones assigned for this course (posted on Blackboard).
• Finding additional, reliable sources not provided by the professor on Blackboard, as
appropriate for the question you choose (this will vary by question).
o These should be in addition to the assigned readings, not in place of them!
• Accurately summarizing what the different readings and authors say in your own words.
• Showing evidence of independent, original, or critical thought in response to the readings.
• Making reasoned, logical, and fact-based criticisms where appropriate.
• HINT: Look at the blogs and online op eds (opinion columns) in Blackboard for examples of how to write good ones!
WARNING ON ACADEMIC INTEGRITY:
The professor takes violations of the university’s Academic Integrity Code very seriously. See
http://www.american.edu/academics/integrity/ and click on the links there for more information.
Please follow these rules scrupulously. Never represent someone else’s words, ideas, or work as
your own. Any specific ideas, quotes, or information you get from a source must be properly
acknowledged and cited—and in the place where you use them (not only in a list of references or
bibliography at the end, though you should have a reference list). Copying passages from any
source (including the internet) without attribution or quotation marks is always prohibited, even
if the work is listed in the references. Slightly altering a quote to avoid using quotation marks
is not allowed; it is plagiarism. Following the above instructions on citations and sources will
help to avoid trouble. Any suspected violations will be reported to the Dean’s office for adjudication pursuant to the procedures specified in the Code; penalties may be severe (from failing the
assignment to failing the course to suspension or dismissal). If you have any questions about the
appropriate ways to use or cite your sources or other academic integrity issues, please ask the
professor in advance!
Remember, the professor can search the internet as well as you can, or better! There is
also software that he can use to find copied papers or passages. If you can find it and copy
it, the professor can find it and he will send your work to the Dean’s office for an Academic Integrity Code Violation hearing faster than you can say “I didn’t mean to do it.”
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Instructions: you will