NUR4244 Public Health Deliv 5 Deliverable 5 Public Health Interview Questions Scenario The preceptor wants to encourage senior nursing students to learn more about how public health nurse professionals collaborate with community-based resource partners. As a senior nursing student, you are asked to interview a public health nurse professional working in a community clinic, the health department, or a program that specifically deals with vulnerable populations. You will need to prepare interview questions, contact a public health nurse professional to schedule the interview, perform the interview, and prepare a thank you email with a summary of the interview. Instructions Part One – Questions for Interview Prepare six interview questions that identify: The role of the public health nurse professional in the community. The populations served by the organization. The collaboration that occurs with community-based resource partners. To address the needs of specific populations. To disseminate relevant information to the community. Part Two – Interview Conduct an interview with a public health nurse professional by: Scheduling the interview Determine how the interview will take place (over the phone, in person, Skype, Google Hangout, or a web-conferencing tool). Determine when the interview will be (date and time). Documenting the responses to the interview questions and include the following contact information: The full name of the public health nurse professional. The name of the organization the public health nurse is employed. Phone number of the organization. Work email address of public health nurse professional. Part Three – Thank You Email Prepare a thank you email to the public health nurse professional that: Provides the public health nurse professional with two suggested resources for information to support their community. Concludes with a thank you statement and summary paragraph of the interview. Provides stated ideas with professional language and attribution for credible sources with correct APA citation, spelling, and grammar in the interview questions, interview responses document, and thank you email. Resources Library Databases Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition Database FAQ Guides & FAQs APA Guide Credible Sources FAQ Nursing Guide
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NUR4244 Deliverable 5 Material
Dissemination of Relevant Information
Community members can be essential partners in providing education in
minority and underserved communities. They can serve as persons of
trust in establishing trusting relationships with health providers. Members
of the LGBT community have been useful in peer education and support.
Those who have overcome substance abuse often make excellent
counselors What follows are some examples of ways in which
community partners have been effective in disseminating health
information and encouraging behavior change and increased use of
health screenings.
Churches Challenging Obesity
In 2005, the annual Southern Baptist Convention for ministers and lay
ministerial workers offered free wellness screening. The statistics
showed that over 75% of the 1472 participants were significantly
overweight. Concerned that this reflected an alarming health trend
supported by regular church gathers that included donuts and fried food,
the leadership began focusing on educating their ministers to consider
obesity both a physical and spiritual priority. They utilized teaching from
the Bible regarding eating, indulgence, self-control, greed and the
importance of a well-disciplined life. Congregations were seen as
blessed when the pastor encourages them to make changes in their
lifestyles that ultimately bring glory to God. There have since been some
church-sponsored initiatives in Southern Baptist Churches to address the
issue of healthy eating, exercise, and weight control.
Prostate Cancer Education in Barbershops
One of the ways to reach women and men for education in cancer
screening, diabetes, and hypertension is through those who have regular
contact with individuals in their community setting. While many will
cancel health care appointments, both men and women regularly access
their neighborhood barbershop and hair and nail salons. Public health
professionals in several under-served communities have trained barbers
and beauticians to deliver information on screenings utilizing a
standardized training toolkit. The toolkit includes posters, brochures, and
anatomical models.
Public health researchers accessed several education sites in
barbershops serving primarily African American men in North and South
Carolina. African American men are significantly less likely than white
male to take advantage of prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening. The
researchers saw an increase in those contemplating and seeking the
PSA screening after interactions with their barbers. This type of
interaction increases the individual’s ability to participate in their selfcare.
Promotora de Salud (Health Promoter)
The lay health worker model utilizes members of the target population to
provide a bridge between the healthcare system and the community at
large.
The Arizona community health centers developed the Vivir Mejor (Live
Better) program for diabetes prevention and care in the Hispanic
community. Some of the Native American communities have adopted a
similar program.
Collaborations
There are a number of resources available for community health nurses
to utilize in collaborating with community groups to meet the needs of
their local populations. The Government websites have toolkits that can
be located through the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Healthy
People website. The National Rural Health Association also has
excellent resources, as does the Community Guide Organization. The
use of toolboxes can assist in developing community programs and in
adapting programs to specific audiences.
Additional Resources and Readings



Community Tool Box
Healthy People MAP-IT Approach
The Guide to Community Preventive Services
Source(s)
Ashley, W. (2007, January 01). Obesity in the Body of Christ. Retrieved
from http://www.sbclife.net/article/1473/obesity-in-the-body-of-christ
Luque, J. S., Ross, L., Gwede, C.K. (2016). Prostate cancer education in
African American Barbershops: Baseline client survey results and
differences in decisional conflict and stage of decision making. Am J
Mens Health 10(6): 533-536. Retrieved from
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4980288/
Rural Health Information Hub. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.ruralhealthinfo.org/toolkits/community-healthworkers/2/layhealth
Tools to change our world. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://ctb.ku.edu/en
Community-Based Coalition’s Goal and Actions
Community-based coalitions usually come together around a single
cause. Their purpose may be short-term or evolve into sustaining
organizations. Two organizations, the March of Dimes and the American
Heart Association that came together as grass-roots organizations and
developed numerous ways to become instrumental public health
partners.
March of Dimes
Having addressed polio, the March of Dimes turned its attention to
congenital disabilities prevention and subsequently to the improving the
outcomes of pregnancy campaign, known as “Be Good to Your Baby
Before it is Born.” They funded the work of Dr. Virginia Apgar, whose
birth assessment tool; the Apgar score is still the gold standard with
newborns across the globe.
The organization also funded the work of Dr. T. Allen Merritt, who
developed pulmonary surfactant, which changed the mortality rate of
premature babies in neonatal intensive units. In addition, research
grantees include Dr. David Smith and Dr. Kenneth Lyons Jones who
identified fetal alcohol syndrome as a cause of congenital disabilities.
Additional funding into the use of folic acid to reduce neural tube defects
and to search out vaccines for the Zika virus assist basic science
research in improving the outcomes of pregnancy and preventing
congenital disabilities.
The March of Dimes has been a politically important partner in obtaining
financing for maternal and child clinics and programs staffed by public
health nurses. The information on fetal alcohol syndrome has led to
additional public health resources for education campaigns and diversion
programs for substance-abusing women. This grass-roots community
group continues to partner to with maternal child nursing groups in the
annual March for Babies to continue its work in preventing prematurity.
The American Heart Association
The American Heart Association (AHA) began as early as 1915 with a
group of social workers and physicians seeking to understand better the
heart and heart disease. The Association was founded formally in 1924
as a professional society for physicians. The group began holding annual
scientific sessions that continue today. In 1948, the group reorganized
into a voluntary health organization composed of volunteers supported
by professional staff. Fund-raising began in earnest in local communities
to support the education of the public, scientific research, and support for
families affected by heart disease.
Much like the March of Dimes, money raised by the American Heart
Association has funded the development of defibrillators, pacemakers,
and artificial heart valves. The AHA funded the research that led to the
widespread standardization of education and use of cardio-pulmonary
resuscitation (CPR). Politically, the AHA has been influential in federal
funding for research and anti-tobacco legislation and lawsuits. They have
funded many public service announcements and health campaigns over
the years. Today the American Heart Association has some 33 million
volunteers and supporters in their mission to improve heart health and
reduce deaths from heart disease and stroke. They support public health
nurses by providing education, public screening for hypertension, and
coordinating services to support clients and families affected by stroke
and heart disease.
There a numerous other grass roots not-for-profit organizations in the
health area. Some of these are the American Diabetes Association, the
American Lung Association, and the American Cancer Society. There
are other coalitions such as the HIV/AIDs organizations, and societies to
provide services to special populations like veterans. All public health
nurses should be aware of the resources of these organizations and the
opportunities for volunteering in these very important public health
missions.
Source(s)
A history of the March of Dimes. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.marchofdimes.org/mission/a-history-of-the-march-ofdimes.aspx
History of the American Heart Association. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.heart.org/en/about-us/history-of-the-american-heartassociation

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