Master of DISASTER MANAGEMENT.The course is International and Humanitarian Disaster Management.-Response to two of my classmates. The question that they answered was:Given what we have discussed this semester and this week’s reading, discuss your thoughts on the evolving causes of crises. How do you see the described changes impacting humanitarian aid? How would you prepare and respond to this changing landscape?-Instructions:-Look at the two of my classmates’ posts. I need you to respond to each of them in a full-page (3-4 paragraphs).-All you need to do is to choose one point of the post and explore it a little bit with at least one source support. Also, you can add a little bit new relevant to the topic. In the attachment, you will find my classmates’ posts.(ACADEMIC WRITING) One Page (3 or 4) paragraphs for each of them.1- Use APA Style format 6th edition. Including in-text citation.2- Use Grammarly program to change all the mistakes that give you because my university uses and depends on it3- Use simple academic words as a second language.4- Avoid the passive voice absolutely.
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Response 1 :
The humanitarian system is facing a great crisis that has existed even after the
development, institutionalization, and the growth of professionalization. This is one of the areas
lagging in terms of delivery despite bringing on strong board tools as well as providing the
necessary funds for delivering the services. It is clear from the recent emergencies that the
humanitarian system has never learned of the past and not yet ready to provide much-needed
success. There are still issues going around the system, and that is, however, to be made clear.
In most cases, the department has been let down by the existing governance systems.
People are yet to embrace the humanitarian system as a fully-fledged system. There is a human
made crisis in this system, which is more than the funds and professionalism in conducting the
work. The system is still behind due to the existing mindset and the methods used in the delivery
of humanitarian aid. The system is to take a clear stand regarding the partnership between the
investors and the implementers as it ought to have done for many years.
The system should, in the first place, understand that aid is not political. Sitting in the
House of Representatives and passing the law on providing humanitarian support is not all that is
needed for the system. More consequences that are negative might come up from afflicted
persons whenever the aid is politicized(Potts et al., 2013).
Time has come that the humanitarian system will be needed to look and address the point
of origin to prevent the crisis. Providing food and shelter is not enough in the current crisis.
Thus, the humanitarian system should look at this with a broader mind that will ensure that the
people who flee their homes are rescued and undergo restoration and return to ensure they do not
continue suffering even at the hands of the system itself(Aubyn, 2013). The system has to bring a
mind of trust and reconciliation. It is time for the system to move from the traditional view of a
political and impartial way of doing things. Sometimes even the most developed humanitarian
organizations will fail to work together with the other small organizations due to such issues.
All these concerns and the changes will ensure that the system moves from the traditional
point of view and work towards growing a whole new system. It will help solve the most
common humanitarian crisis and more; help develop a new approach to humanitarian aid. More
so, the humanitarian aid will not depend on the politics of the day and will not rely on the past
decision in making relief decisions. It is good to put in place strategies and the tools that will
hold on the new demands. This will include a complete change of culture and the mindset among
the existing and upcoming systems.
References
Aubyn, F. (2013, January). Unpacking the Humanitarian and Security Repercussions of the Sahel
Crises on West Africa. The draft paper for the 4th Marrakesh Security Forum in Morocco (pp.
25-26).
Potts, M., Henderson, C., & Campbell, M. (2013). The Sahel: A Malthusian Challenge?.
Environmental and Resource Economics, 55(4), 501-512.
https://fic.tufts.edu/wp-content/uploads/Sahel-case-study-Final-09-05-16.pdf
Response 2 :
Thoughts on evolving causes of crises
As an emergency manager, I have various thoughts on various evolving causes of crises.
Concerning the Syria crisis, it is crucial to acknowledge that political conflicts are a major cause
of the crisis. A critical examination of the reading indicates that GoS (Government of Syria) is
responsible for violations of IHL (International Humanitarian Law) and human rights. Some of
the warring strategies like the use of chemical weapons greatly result in a crisis (Kimberley,
2016). Additionally, the other evolving cause of the crisis is that inappropriate approaches are
employed in handling crises. From the reading, the Whole of Syria (WoS) approach does not
cover all of the Syria crises, especially cross-border operations are omitted in the architecture. It
is crucial to acknowledge that ineffective approaches do not help in solving all the crises and
thus they continue re-occurring.
Changes impacting humanitarian aid
The described changes impact the humanitarian aid in various ways. Firstly, the changes
result in dispersed leadership. Dispersed leadership greatly affects humanitarian aid as there are
no clear guidelines of reporting crises and also there is confusion about the roles of the operating
centers (Schneider & Jordan, 2016). It is crucial to acknowledge that dispersed leadership
hinders the achievement of the goals of the humanitarian organizations in solving crises.
Moreover, the change aimed at employing remote-management models greatly affects
humanitarian aid. It is crucial to acknowledge that there has been increasing violence against aid
workers which forces them to use remote-management models. Notably, the remote-management
model greatly relies on social media to obtain data on crises. Some of the data provided are
biased and thus it becomes difficult to make valid conclusions on the state of affairs in the areas
where crises are eminent.
Preparation and response to the changing landscape
As an emergency manager, there are various preparations that can be implemented to
solve crises. Firstly, there is a dire need for responsible governments to provide the necessary
resources to the humanitarian organizations to facilitate their operations (Goldschmidt & Kumar,
2016). It is crucial to acknowledge that planning and budgeting for crises are crucial. Some of
the western donors have strict conditions in providing funds to the humanitarian organizations.
There is a dire need for governments where a crisis is eminent to employ technological
advancement in solving such crises. Notably, the government can provide drones and other
surveillance systems, especially in areas where there are tensions (Rashid et al, 2017). The
surveillance systems can reveal real-time information about the state of affairs in a particular
area. Surveillance systems would help in minimizing bias in information like in social media.
References
Goldschmidt, K. H., & Kumar, S. (2016). Humanitarian operations and crisis/disaster
management: A retrospective review of the literature and framework for
development. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 20, 1-13.
Kimberley Howe (2016). Planning from the Future: A Case Study of Humanitarian Action and
the Syria Conflict.
Rashid, H., Ahmed, I. U., Das, R., & Reza, S. M. T. (2017, January). Emergency Wireless
Health Monitoring System using Wearable Technology for Refugee Camp and Disaster
Affected People. In International Conference on Computer, Communication,
Chemical, Materials and Electronic Engineering IC4ME2–2017 (pp. 144-147).
Schneider, S. K., & Jordan, M. P. (2016). Political science research on crises and crisis
communications. The handbook of international crisis communication research, 1123.

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